A systematic review is a literary review which, through a transparent process, seeks to identify, value, select and compile all available research within a clearly defined topic or research question. A systematic review attempts to be an exhaustive literature search within a specific topic where all results are considered.
We can help you with your literature search
If you order a search consultation from us we will help you fine tune the research question, inclusion- and exclusion criteria and give guidance through the different stages of the systematic review. We provide search strategies and documentation and suggest databases, resources and screening tools.
Who can order a search consultation?
We offer search consultations for systematic reviews for those employed by Uppsala University or Region Uppsala.
Order a search consultation using acronyms
The work process is made easier by structuring the research question using an acronym. We therefore prefer you to try phrasing your research question using one of the following acronyms. If you need help fine tuning them we can do that during our first meeting.
ECLIPSE is suitable for research questions where policy material is needed or when investigating the outcome of a service.
Example: How can educational efforts initiated by the municipality increase the educational level among suburban residents without upper secondary education?
|Expectation:||Improve conditions for the municipality to increase the educational level among suburban residents without upper secondary education|
|Client group:||Adult suburb residents with low educational level|
|Location:||Suburb areas surrounding Swedish cities with at least 100 000 inhabitants|
|Impact:||Improved access and efficiency in education among adult suburban residents|
|SErvice:||Educational efforts from the Education Department aimed at adults|
PICO is suitable for clinical questions
Example: Does naproxen offer more efficient pain relief than ibuprofen for patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis?
|Population:||Patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis|
|Intervention:||Efficiency of pain treatment with naproxen|
|Control:||Compared with ibuprofen|
|Outcome:||Improved pain treatment, higher quality of life, less pain|
SPICE – suitable for qualitative evidence or when investigating an intervention or a project.
Example: Can municipal women’s shelters provide women suffering from abuse-related trauma with better possibilities for permanent housing than private ones?
|Setting:||Women’s shelters, Sweden|
|Perspective:||Women with abuse-related trauma|
|Intervention:||Process from (municipal) women’s shelters to permanent housing|
|Comparison:||Compared with private shelters|
|Evaluation:||Increased possibilities of permanent housing|
SPIDER is suitable for qualitative and mixed methods focusing on study design and focus groups rather than populations.
Example: How do parents and children experience kindergarten introduction?
|Sample:||Children and parents introduced to kindergarten|
|Phenomenon of Interest:||Kindergarten introduction|
|Design:||Case studies and interviews|